Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Extraordinary Wilderness Debate - Essay Example Others accept it as a social accept that a wild is a territory that has been undermined by development and advancement and paying little heed to what should be possible the land can't show any positive development (Callicott and Nelson 6). The current biodiversity put aside a choice to protect the land from annihilation and the partition of individuals from nature in a roundabout way propose the creation that fills in for instance of wild thought. This subject of wild has pulled in the vast majority of the ecological rationalists and the network everywhere that honestly accepted that the wild is a characteristic sacred calm spot. To recognize ferocity and wild, we can make an image of something that may happen or can be conceivable later on by possessing nature emblematically. Cronon attempts to give and separate wild from ferocity by characterizing it as the main safeguarding on the planet (Cronon 7). His thought requires an attentive report since it is more worry with the productio n of human societies and development on the planet we are living in. Human progress then again should be possible in a way that will forestall defilement of the excellent condition instead of basing the plan to societies and chronicled suppositions. We can figure out how to acknowledge and protect the little and whimsical parcels that encompass us and have the option to ration and keep up the excellence of the ferocity (Callicott and Nelson 541). Taking a case of a tree in a nursery and the other one out of an antiquated spot, we obviously observe the significance of esteeming the two trees in light of the fact that by doing so we esteem them as well as even respect the significance of saving our condition. It is acceptable to respect any wild paying little heed to its physical position in light of the fact that a tree isn't less wild when it is in the nursery than it is in the old spot. We should contemplate the way that the tree in the wild and that in the nursery require similar elements for them to develop and duplicate and furthermore regard the nature. We are to arrange a living being as wild or manageable as indicated by its unique situation and not by its constitution or position in order to make reference to the differentiation among regular and fake events (Aitken 5). The conviction that wild is a virgin unadulterated possessed land must be saved and recovery of the grounds be done in the correct way of monitoring the whole land not really the wild. Wild existed before human refinement extended and will keep on existing long after the way of life have stopped to exist and the network ought to embrace and acknowledge to live with these changes. The human-condition communication has subdued the land in an opposite way that has impacted and changed the presence of the wild by individuals attempting to secure their needs without surrendering authority of the land that could be harmed commonly. The simple nearness of things done by individuals doesn't den y the official condition of wild since a wild exists in situations that normally work with exceptionally insignificant human obstruction. We ought to give a protected and thinking about the advantages of every single natural framework and the universe in general in order to make a dynamic and accommodating human-wild connection. Protection tips
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Seeing As Being Prepared To See Philosophy Essay Ralph Waldo Emerson says apropos: People just observe what they are set up to seeÃ¢ Ã¢ . It implies that individuals will just consider thing to be they need it to be. Then again, it basically implies that we consider things to be we are. For what reason would we be able to consider things to be they are rather as we may be? Along these lines, how might we be certain that what we see presently is how it should be? The reasons of why this happened in light of the methods of knowing. There are four different ways of realizing that can deluded our seeing and comprehension of the things which are discernment, reason, feeling and language. In any case, anyway without them, we can't make information on the real world and truth since cerebrum doesn't have an immediate contact to this present reality. It is some way or another these methods of knowing do assist us with seeing and comprehend things as they are nevertheless just partially. Hence, in this exposition, I plan to examine to wha t degree we see and comprehend things not as they are yet as we seem to be. Language is a regular code of images that permits a sender to figure a message that can be comprehended by a collector. How we see things is unequivocally affected by our language and our seeing additionally makes effect on our reasoning. In this way, our reasoning can't be isolated from our language and even we could state that our language restricts our reasoning. As per the Linguistic Relativity Theory, a people nature language decides the way the individual thinks and sees the world which likewise can beguile the intelligencesÃ¢ Ã¢ . One model is unbounded monkey hypothesis. This hypothesis expresses that a monkey hitting keys aimlessly on a typewriter console for a vast measure of time will definitely type an especially picked book, for example, the total works of William ShakespeareÃ¢ Ã¢ . Individuals consistently misjudge by the genuine importance of this hypothesis (by etymological and observation). With the image of the chimpanzee composing a typewriter will make individuals see and worth it as a craftsmanship. Individuals may have imagined that the image of the chimpanzee is equivalent to the Cassius Marcellus Coolidges work of his compositions in the pooches playing pokerÃ¢ Ã¢ genre. In any case, the fact of the matter is the image and the hypothesis is about Mathematics that shows the risks of thinking about vastness by deduction a tremendous yet limited number and the other way around From the unique circumstance, the expressions of definitely is a numerical term with exact importance and the monkey isn't a real monkey however it is an analogy for a theoretical gadgets that delivers an arbitrary groupings of letters ceaselessly. From the start we truly observe it not as the hypothesis yet rather as the craft of the monkey. It is on the grounds that the feeling of our sight which is observation and the language give us bogus thought of what the hypothesis truly is. Henceforth, the language itself will restrict our seeing and understanding things not as they are however as we may be. Except if we as of now learn about the hypothesis in advance, we will recognize what the image of chimpanzee and the setting of the sentence of the hypothesis are attempting to pass on the significance. In this way, we will consider the to be for what it's worth yet not as we seem to be. This infers numerous words have no evident significance; rather they have such huge numbers of various implications which must be acknowledged in setting. Along these lines, we should know about the genuine importance to have the option to utilize a word precisely in light of the fact that word can mean such a large number of things in such huge numbers of circumstances that expect us to see it dependent on our insight and encounters which are frequently being constrained by our faculties. Along these lines, one must comprehend the specific circumstance, or foundation, in which a word is utilized to have a grip on the significance of the word itself. Understanding the setting of a word is close to as significant as a comprehension of the word itself, as the circumstance controls to a degree how the word will be used.The result would be language which is undeniably increasingly clear, exact, and less deceptive, or entrancing. At the point when language liberated from most issues it would make it a significantly more prominent device and growing better understanding and information through this correspondence, at last it would assist us with seeing things as they seem to be. Proceeding onward to science, I accept there is consistently another worldview to it because of researchers consider things to be (we are) the place guess they ought to have consider things to be they are. For what reason does worldview changes every once in a while? Does worldview happen as a result of we (researchers) see and comprehend things not as they are yet as we may be (researchers)? As per the student of history of science, Thomas Kuhn, worldview is the word alludes to the arrangement of practices that characterizes a logical order at a specific time of time.Ã Ã In different words, researchers have consistently work dependent on their worldview which is a typical study of that specific academic network. Typical science is a suspicion (may be hoodwinked by the observation, feeling and thinking) that mainstream researchers comprehends what the world resembles. Along these lines, researchers will alter and change their worldview if adulterations become clear however relia bly remain inside it. Inevitably, there comes a moment that new perceptions are not, at this point perfect with the current ideal models. From here the transformation happens and new worldview will supplant the bygone one. This is going on in light of the fact that the worldview itself is a human build and all the logical perceptions are made by utilizing our human detects, human insights and human levelheadedness which the methods of knowing are vital in these procedures. In any case, these methods of knowing (recognition, feeling, language and thinking) that exist among researchers can confine their abilities to consider things to be they are. In this way, researchers will consistently occur with new thoughts, suspicions and hypothesis that cause the changes of the worldview. To additionally up, as indicated by Kuhns book, The Structure of Scientific RevolutionsÃ¢ Ã¢ , he said that the view of the world relies upon how the percipient imagines the reality where two researchers who witness a similar wonder and are saturated with two profoundly various hypotheses will see two distinct things. One of the models is the thoughts of the Charles Darwin and Abbot Gregor Johann Mendel about the acquired qualities from two guardians into their childÃ¢ Ã¢ . Darwin recommended that the qualities of the mother and father were mixed to create a youngster who seems to be like both. Abbot Gregor Johann Mendel created hypotheses more than seven years by examining and testing pea plants. During the 1930s, the Mendels guesses, The Law of Segregation and the Law of Independent Assortment were discovered right after the hereditary qualities and examination into acquiring attributes started to be researched. Then again, Darwins theories of the mixing hypothesis just invad ed into the principal posterity of two guardians however not with the attributes which Darwin couldn't clarify, yet Mendel did. This shows the two researchers have two distinct hypotheses on a similar marvel on account of the observation, feeling and thinking are diverse to one another. In any case, this worldview couldn't be a promising later on since worldview continually changing dependent on person perceptions and suspicions that are predominantly seize by our methods of knowing. The main rule is that you should not trick yourself and you are the most effortless individual to trick. Ã (Richard Feynman, American hypothetical physicist, 1918-1988)Ã¢ Ã¢ Despite the fact that sciences consistently give us the zones of vulnerability, however without sciences we would not have the option to know the world. We were unable to consider the to be as they are without the presence of science. Whatever insufficiencies as a method of-realizing science may have are deficiencies brought about by the way that it is a human build yet its absolutely impossible of-knowing made by people will ever be completely dependable, altogether exact, and totally objective. The manner in which we build up our logical information, science as a method of-knowing is down to business. Therefore, it must be consider as solid, exact and objective. Then again, there is a researcher who models their case on science in light of current circumstances. It likewise can be the most dependable method of-knowing and be the best advocated genuine conviction on the off chance that we are restricting our own method of-knowing to the physical and world around us. Without our ackn owledgment, there is a flat out method of-knowing where avocation is totally autonomous of perception. In addition, there is likewise a perception that requires our support that dependent on our method of-knowing exclusively. Subsequently, what we see and comprehend may needn't bother with us to consider them to be they are yet as we may be. Taking everything into account, we do consider things to be we are however not as they are nevertheless just partially. All the subject matters will assist us with seeing and comprehend things more as they are yet not as we seem to be. In spite of the fact that there is some part that we as a human are not equipped for seeing and understanding the thing as they are since our methods of information can be beguiling however we can be guided by any hypotheses in Mathematics and Sciences. Not just that, with the creating advances we will in the long run observe and understanding things as they are and we can console our confidence on the planet.
Thursday, August 6, 2020
Carter, Jimmy Carter, Jimmy (James Earl Carter, Jr.), 1924â", 39th President of the United States (1977â"81), b. Plains, Ga, grad. Annapolis, 1946. Carter served in the navy, where he worked with Admiral Hyman G. Rickover in developing the nuclear submarine program. Resigning his commission (1953) after his father's death, he ran his family's peanut farm, which he built into a prosperous business. In 1962 he was elected as a Democrat to the first of two terms in the Georgia Senate. He ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1966, then succeeded in 1970, replacing Lester Maddox . As governor (1971â"75), Carter proclaimed that the time had come to end racial discrimination and formed alliances with such civil-rights leaders as Andrew Young . This focus on social justice, informed in part by his religious beliefs, remained a significant part of his subsequent political and postpolitical career. Although little known outside Georgia, Carter announced that he would run for president at the end of his gubernatorial term, and through sustained and diligent campaigning won the 1976 Democratic presidential nomination. With Minnesota Senator Walter F. Mondale as his running mate, Carter defeated incumbent President Gerald R. Ford . Carter substantially increased the responsibilities of the vice president during his administration, helping to establish modern vice presidency, which historically had been an often marginal office. But Carter never established good relations with Congress and, with Republican successes in the 1978 midterm elections, his difficulties increased. In foreign policy, Carter had some initial success. He secured congressional ratificationâ"by a single vote after extended and rancorous debateâ"of his two Panama Canal treaties (1977), establishing a timetable for passing control of the canal to Panama. Then, in 1979, at the presidential retreat at Camp David, Maryland, Carter personally persuaded Anwar al- Sadat of Egypt and Menachem Begin of Isra el to sign the first peace treaty between Israel and an Arab state (see Camp David accords ). Although he and Leonid Brezhnev signed the Salt II treaty (see disarmament, nuclear ), it had uncertain chances for Senate ratification, and Carter shelved the treaty in Jan., 1980, as a result of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (see Afghanistan War ). When the USSR refused to withdraw, Carter also initiated a trade embargo and a boycott of the 1980 Moscow Summer Olympic Games. In the last year of his administration, Carter's foreign policy was overshadowed by the Iran hostage crisis , in which Iranian students invaded the U.S. embassy in Tehran, taking 55 hostages. When attempts to negotiate their release failed, Carter authorized a military rescue mission in Apr., 1980, that failed ignominiously. Domestically, Carter had difficulties controlling inflation, which rose in each year of his administrationâ"in part because of oil price increases after the Iranian revolution. The Federal Reserve Board's drastic remedies for curtailing inflation, undertaken under the leadership of Paul Volcker , who was appointed by Carter, led to interest rates of more than 20% by 1980. During Carter's tenure the cabinet departments of Education and Energy were established, and a general policy of government deregulation in energy and interstate transportation was pursued. Inflation and the unresolved hostage crisis put Carter in a weak position as the 1980 presidential election campaign began. He won the Democratic nomination only after a bitter challenge from Sen. Edward Kennedy . In the general election he was decisively defeated by Ronald Reagan . Since leaving office, Carter has been active in international human-rights efforts, often as an observer of first-time free elections. He has served as an international mediator in North Korea, Haiti, Bosnia, Venezuela, and elsewhere, and has worked to focus world attention on epidemics in Africa, focusing special attentio n on eradicating guinea worm disease and river blindness. He made a highly publicized trip to Cuba in May, 2002, becoming the most prominent American to visit the nation since Castro came to power. The Carter Center in Atlanta, founded in 1986, became an important arena for the discussion of international affairs. Carter also has been deeply involved with Habitat for Humanity, a nonprofit organization that helps working-class people in North America and abroad build and finance new homes. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 for his efforts to advance peace, democracy, human rights, and economic and social development. Jimmy Carter married Rosalynn Smith in 1946; they have four children. During his term of office Carter published Why Not the Best? (1975) and A Government as Good as Its People (1977). After it, he wrote more than 25 works of poetry and nonfiction, including The Blood of Abraham (1985); Everything to Gain (1987, written with his wife Rosalynn); Turn ing Point (1992); The Hornet's Nest (2003), a novel set in the South during the Revolutionary War; Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid (2006), which some criticized as one-sided and anti-Israeli; and A Call to Action (2014), a plea for women's rights. See his memoirs, Keeping Faith (1982) and An Hour before Daylight (2001) and his White House Diary (2010); biographies by J. E. Zelizer (2010) and R. Ballmer (2014); J. Wooten, Dasher: The Roots and the Rising of Jimmy Carter (1978); E. C. Hargrove, Jimmy Carter as President (1988); P. G. Bourne, Jimmy Carter (1997); D. Brinkley, The Unfinished Presidency (1998); B. Glad, An Outsider in the White House (2009); E. S. Godbold, Jr., Jimmy Rosalynn Carter: The Georgia Years, 1924â"1974 (2010); J. B. Flippen, Jimmy Carter, the Politics of Family, and the Rise of the Religious Right (2011). The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Teaching Philosophy God I love music. I love everything about music. I love playing music, singing music, dancing to music. Most of all, I love listening to music. Have you ever listened to music? I mean really, really listened? I love when you hear a song for the first time and it sends chills up your spine. I love even more when you hear a song for the hundredth time and it suddenly gives you chills like never before. But there are two ways of listening to music. You can hear a song as one whole entity and have it make you feel so good that you want to repeat it thousands of times. Or you can hear each part of a song for what itÃ¢â¬â¢s worth; the lyrics, the melody, the solo, the bass line, etc., and appreciate the integrationÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦But, I never even thought about it until my junior year of college. In fact, during high school the only thing that appealed to me about teaching was having my summers off (kind of a no-brainer when you live by the beach). However, in this money driven world, there has to be something personally appealing about the teaching profession for someone to go to school for five and a half years to become one. For me, it was three major experiences in my life that not only pointed me in the teaching direction, but helped me create a philosophy I live and teach by. The first occurred during my third year of high school. Growing up in an area that is mostly middle and upper class, the school pushed students to prepare for college by taking as many advanced classes as possible; all honors classes, extra foreign languages, no lunch or study hall, etc. The competition among my classmates was high, with everyone struggling to get the best grades and keeping the highest class ranks. My education consisted mostly of memorization for the tests through last minute cramming. My junior year I decided to take a few electives in sociology, psychology and ethics, all of which were taught by the same teacher. He was a veteran, planning his retirement within the next few years, and had a way of bringing out the best in all his students. He could see how uptight most of his students wereShow MoreRelatedMy Teaching Philosophy1088 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSince the beginning of my academic career, teaching has always been an important part of my ac ademic duties. The interaction that I have with students is not only enjoyable to me, but it also gives me an invaluable perspective on the subjects I am teaching. Since I started my position at the Mathematical Institute at the University of Oxford, I have tutored in four classes across three semesters and supervised two projects, as detailed in my CV. I am also tutoring two new undergraduate classes inRead MoreEssay on Teaching Philosophy Statement1037 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTeaching Philosophy Statement Ã¢â¬Å"Teaching is not a profession; itÃ¢â¬â¢s a passion. Without passion for your subject and a desire for your students to learn and be the best in the world, then we have failed as a teacher and failure is not an option.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âJohn F. Podojil. In my opinion, this quotation is very true. If you do not have the passion to teach your students what is right in the world and what makes them be the best they can be, then you are not really teaching your students orRead More Teaching Philosophy Statement Essay922 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTeaching Philosophy Statement Knowing that you have had an impact on someone and ending the day feeling like you changed just one life could be the best job in the world. To me those feelings and thoughts can only come from one profession-teaching. I have a family full of teachers and it is exciting to see them come home and have that satisfaction of influencing someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. I want to be apart of that feeling and emotion. I have chosen the route to be a SpecialRead MorePersonal Statement Of Teaching Philosophy1254 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStatement of Teaching Philosophy Stephanie Speicher, M.Ed. Ã¢â¬Å"I regard it as the foremost task of education to insure the survival of these qualities: an enterprising spirit, tenacity in pursuit, readiness for sensible self-denial, and above all compassionÃ¢â¬ Hahn, K. (1957, p.10). Outward bound. New York City: World Books. Foundation Ã¢â¬â The Sunrise I stood watching the sunrise on the final day of a weeklong backpack/rock climbing training with my college orientation program. The tears streamed downRead More Teaching Philosophy Statement Essay1192 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTeaching Philosophy Statement In the movie The Matrix, Morphis says to Neo Ã¢â¬Å"I can only show you the door, I canÃ¢â¬â¢t open it for you.Ã¢â¬ The door that Morphis is talking about is this incredible vast knowledge that is unknown to Neo. What better person to show, to teach, to inform Neo than his teacher, Morphis. You see, I see myself as Morphis, the teacher, whenever I step into a classroom. As I look across the room, there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t just one Ã¢â¬Å"NeoÃ¢â¬ , but there are thirty or forty Neos. This is an extremeRead More My Philosophy of Teaching Essay598 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMy Philosophy of Teaching Education is an important aspect in the lives of all individuals. From the day we are born until the day we die, we are constantly learning. At a very young age, children begin attending school. Throughout their educational career, children have many different teachers who hold many different views, beliefs, and values. Methods of instruction, personalities, and classroom interaction are all unique to the teacher. Some teachers may come in each day justRead MoreMy Original Teaching Philosophy Statement946 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI honestly would not make any changes to my original teaching philosophy statement because I believe that after reading through the entire phycology book, the things I read only supported the things I stated in my philosophy statement. When writing my philosophy statement I had not taken any previous education classes to aid my original teaching philosophy but I have been working with kids my entire life and so I have seen first hand what things work with children and what does not. This does notRead MoreTeaching And Coaching As A Philosophy2275 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesA philosophy can be defined as Ã¢â¬Ëa set of values and behaviours that serve to guide the actions of a coachÃ¢â¬â¢ (Wilcox and Trudel, 1998, p.41). By drawing from all facets of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life, each is specific to the learner and distinguishes teachers and coaches from one another. It can be consciously developed as the professional, teacher/coach and student within education is exposed to a practice as well as other life experiences. It is believed that Ã¢â¬Ëclearly articulating oneÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophy is a prerequisiteRead MoreThe Statement Of Teaching Philosophy1775 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMy Philosophy Introduction Ã¢â¬Å"The statement of teaching philosophy (also called the teaching statement or teaching philosophy statement) promotes reflective practice by encouraging instructors to describe their teaching methods, to justify why they use those methods, to analyze the effectiveness of those methods, and to consider how they might appropriately modify those methods in future courses.Ã¢â¬ (SchÃ ¶nwetter et al., 2002) Stake holder motivation, engagement, cognitive associations, and personalRead MorePlato s Teachings Of Philosophy1487 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdistinguished philosophers. Although PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s teachings are not universally agreed upon, virtually anyone can agree that that he was a brilliant thinker and spurred many thoughts and beliefs that are carried into todayÃ¢â¬â¢s teachings of philosophy. While the precise relationship of Plato and Socrates remains a heated disagreement among scholars, Plato states that he was, in fact, a devoted follower of Socrates. Plato was highly influenced by SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ teachings and highly disturbed by his execution, eventually
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Bow and arrow hunting (or archery) is a technology first developed by early modern humans in Africa, perhaps as long as 71,000 years ago. Archaeological evidence shows that the technology was certainly used by humans during the Howiesons Poort phase of Middle Stone Age Africa, between 37,000 and 65,000 years ago; recent evidence at South Africas Pinnacle Point cave tentatively pushes the initial use back to 71,000 years ago. However, there is no evidence that the bow and arrow technology was used by people who migrated out of Africa until the Late Upper Paleolithic or Terminal Pleistocene, at most 15,000-20,000 years ago. The oldest surviving organic elements of bows and arrows only date to the Early Holocene of about 11,000 years ago. Africa: Middle Stone Age, 71,000 years ago.Europe and Western Asia: Late Upper Paleolithic, although there are no UP rock art paintings of archers and the oldest arrow shafts date to the Early Holocene, 10,500 BP; the earliest bows in Europe are from the bog site of Stellmor in Germany, where 11,000 years ago someone lost a pine arrow shaft with nocks in the end.Japan / Northeast Asia: Terminal Pleistocene.North / South America: Terminal Pleistocene. Making a Bow and Arrow Set Based on modern-day San Bushmen bow-and-arrow manufacture, existing bows and arrows curated in South African museums as well as archaeological evidence for Sibudu Cave, Klasies River Cave, and Umhlatuzana Rockshelter in South Africa, Lombard and Haidle (2012) operationalized the basic process of making a bow and arrows. To make a bow and a set of arrows, the archer needs stone tools (scrapers, axes, woodworking adzes, hammerstones, tools for straightening and smoothing wooden shafts, flint for making fire), a container (ostrich eggshell in South Africa) for carrying water, ochre mixed with resin, pitch, or tree gum for adhesives, fire for blending and setting the adhesives, tree saplings, hardwood and reeds for the bow stave and arrow shafts, and animal sinew and plant fiber for binding material. The technology for making a bow stave is close to that of making a wooden spear (first made by Homo heidelbergensis more than 300,000 years ago); but the differences are that instead of straightening a wooden lance, the archer needs to bend the bow stave, string the bow, and treat the stave with adhesives and fat to prevent splitting and cracking. How Does It Compare to Other Hunting Technologies? From a modern standpoint, the bow and arrow technologyÃ is definitely a leap forward from lance and atlatl (spear thrower) technology. Lance technology involves a long spear which is used to thrust at prey. An atlatl is a separate piece of bone, wood or ivory, that acts as a lever to increase the power and speed of a throw: arguably, a leather strap attached to the end of a lance spear might be a technology between the two. But bow and arrow technology has a number of technological advantages over lances and atlatls. Arrows are longer-range weapons, and the archer needs less space. To fire off an atlatl successfully, the hunter needs to stand in big open spaces and be highly visible to his/her prey; arrow hunters can hide behind bushes and shoot from a kneeling position. Atlatls and spears are limited in their repeatability: a hunter can carry one spear and maybe as many as three darts for an atlatl, but a quiver of arrows can include a dozen or more shots. To Adopt or Not to Adopt Archaeological and ethnographic evidence suggests that these technologies were rarely mutually exclusiveÃ¢â¬âgroups combined spears and atlatls and bows and arrows with nets, harpoons, deadfall traps, mass-kill kites, and buffalo jumps, and many other strategies as well. People vary their hunting strategies based on the prey being sought, whether it is big and dangerous or wily and elusive or marine, terrestrial or airborne in nature. The adoption of new technologies can profoundly affect the way a society is constructed or behaves. Perhaps the most important difference is that lance and atlatl hunting are group events, collaborative processes that are successful only if they include a number of family and clan members. In contrast, bow and arrow hunting can be achieved with just one or two individuals. Groups hunt for the group; individuals for the individual families. That is a profound social change, affecting almost every aspect of life including who you marry, how big is your group, and how status is conveyed. One issue that might also have affected the adoption of the technology may be that bow and arrow hunting simply has a longer training period than atlatl hunting. Brigid Grund (2017) examined records from modern competitions for atlatl (Atlatl Association International Standard Accuracy Contest) and archery (Society for Creative Anachronism InterKingdom Archery Competition). She discovered an individuals atlatl scores increase steadily, showing improvement in skill within the first few years. Bow hunters, however, do not begin to approach maximum skill until the fourth or fifth year of competition. The Great Technology Shift There is much to be understood in the processes of how technology changed and indeed which technology came first. The earliest atlatl we have dates to the Upper Paleolithic, only 20,000 years ago: the South African evidence is quite clear that bow and arrow hunting is much older still. But archaeological evidence being what it is, we still dont really know the complete answer about the dates of hunting technologies and we may never have a better definition of when the inventions occurred than at least as early as. People adapt to technologies for reasons other than just because something is new or shiny. Every new technology is characterized by its own costs and benefits for the task at hand. Archaeologist Michael B. Schiffer referred to this as application space: that the level of adoption of a new technology depends on the number and variety of tasks that it could be used on, and which it is best suited to. Old technologies are rarely completely obsoleted, and the transition period can be very long indeed. Sources Angelbeck B, and Cameron I. 2014. The Faustian bargain of technological change: Evaluating the socioeconomic effects of the bow and arrow transition in the Coast Salish past. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 36:93-109.Bradfield J. 2012. Macrofractures on bone-tipped arrows: analysis of hunter-gatherer arrows in the Fourie collection from Namibia. Antiquity 86(334):1179-1191. Brown KS, Marean CW, Jacobs Z, Schoville BJ, Oestmo S, Fisher EC, Bernatchez J, Karkanas P, and Matthews T. 2012. An early and enduring advanced technology originating 71,000 years ago in South Africa. Nature 491(7425):590-593.Callanan M. 2013. Melting snow patches reveal Neolithic archery. Antiquity 87(337):728-745.Coolidge FL, Haidle MN, Lombard M, and Wynn T. 2016. Bridging theory and bow hunting: human cognitive evolution and archaeology. Antiquity 90(349):219-228.Erlandson J, Watts J, and Jew N. 2014. Darts, Arrows, and Archaeologists: Distinguishing Dart and Arrow Points in the Archaeological Record. American Antiquity 79(1):162-169.Grund BS. 2017. Behavioral Ecology, Technology, and the Organization of Labor: How a Shift from Spear Thrower to Self Bow Exacerbates Social Disparities. American Anthropologist 119(1):104-119.Kennett DJ, Lambert PM, Johnson JR, and Culleton BJ. 2013. Sociopolitical Effects of Bow and Arrow Technology in Prehistoric Coastal California. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews 22(3):124-132.Lombard M, and Haidle MN. 2012. Thinking a Bow-and-arrow Set: Cognitive Implications of Middle Stone Age Bow and Stone-tipped Arrow Technology. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 22(02):237-264.Lombard M, and Phillipson L. 2010. Indications of bow and stone-tipped arrow use 64,000 years ago in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Antiquity 84(325):635Ã¢â¬â648.Whittaker JC. 2016. Levers, Not Springs: How a Spearthrower Works and Why It Matters. In: Iovita R, and Sano K, editors. Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Study of Stone Age Weaponry. Dordrecht: Springe r Netherlands. p 65-74.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Just Like a roller-coaster there are ups and downs. Sometimes this can be overwhelming. We all need a safe zone, that place where we go when we need comfort, motivation, or Just some company. We will write a custom essay sample on Music the ultimate mood fix or any similar topic only for you Order Now For many of us, that safe zone is music. To get further insight into how music affects people, we invited members of the public to share their experiences and the variety of ways music plays Into their dally lives and mood. Certain songs make you ponder over what kind of person you want o be, type of role or purpose you have In this world, or what kind of an effect you have on others around you,Ã¢â¬ said Prohibit Kuris, a 22-year-old college student reflecting on the self-analyzing effects of music. Speaking on her deep dependence on music, 26-year-old HRS executive, Invasion, had this to say, Ã¢â¬Å"You may have heard people say that they cannot live without music. However, when I say that It Is Impossible for me to live without music, I truly mean It! According to Nava, Ã¢â¬Å"Classical and instrumental music allows me to truly immerse myself in tradition and pulls me into the vibe and mood that the song is projecting allowing me to escape the pressures of daily life,Ã¢â¬ sh e said. Ã¢â¬Å"Music definitely impacts my mood. Some people allow their music to dictate their mood, like listening to sad songs and then becoming sadder because of it. While for others, their mood determines their music, choosing a happy song to suit their happy mood. As for me, personally my music follows my mood,Ã¢â¬ said Shown Were, a 25-year-old PR Manager. Commenting on the inherent ability of music to change moods, Useful Suzan, a 24- year-old student said, Ã¢â¬ËFor me whenever I am stressed and rushing to complete an assignment on time, I always turn to ballads and love songs as it helps me relax and focus. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m addicted to music! No matter what, I always find ways to satisfy my craving. If I go too long without music I tend to get depressed,Ã¢â¬ said Hafiz Gaffer, a 21 -year-old student. In line with her energetic lifestyle, Hafiz says she only listens to up-tempo Ran and dance music, Ã¢â¬Å"My music must suit my life. IÃ¢â¬â¢m happy-go-lucky and always on the go, so my music must be the same. Ã¢â¬ Going against the grain however, George Kong, a 19-year-old Engineering student said, Ã¢â¬Å"For me personally, USIA has no effect on my mood. If I am happy, IÃ¢â¬â¢m happy and if IÃ¢â¬â¢m sad, IÃ¢â¬â¢m sad; music doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have any impact on it. Ã¢â¬ Seeking a historical perspective, we spoke to KolaÃ¢â¬â¢ Rant, a 42-year-old music teacher. Historically speaking, music has always been Intrinsically connected to emotions. Many of my students have varying tastes In music but the one thing that remains the same is that music holds a deep emotional connection to them,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Music psychology is a recognized and very much growing field of psychology. From what I know, every human being possesses a base deed to connect to something and musi c is one simple outlet for connection that we have. That Is why so many of us turn to music to satisfy ourselves In times of depression or frustration,Ã¢â¬ said Mark Km a psychology lecturer speaking on why Shown said, Ã¢â¬Å"Music is the soundtrack of your life, no matter if you are feeling depressed or ecstatic, music is what we all turn to. Ã¢â¬ Through these opinions it is clear that while people have different taste in music, the one thing that they all have in common is that music plays a vital part in each and every one of their lives whether they are feeling happy or sad. 2 3 4 How to cite Music the ultimate mood fix, Papers
Friday, May 1, 2020
A lEsson Befor dying Essay A Lesson Before DyingFor my final book review I read the novel A Lesson Before Dying By Ernest J. Gains. The book took place in the 1940 right after the great depression. A society stricken by poverty is depicted early in the book. The atmosphere in the first chapter is leading us into the idea of: how can justice prevail in a society dominated by a single group of people? If this story took place in modern day I believe that question would not be as relevant as it is in the fortys. Grant Wiggins, one of the main characters is a teacher at an elementary school, Grant is a very bitter man for being so young, maybe it is because he has known nothing but segregation and racisms his whole life, growing up in Louisiana. Over the course of the novel, he learns to accept responsibility for his own life, for his relations with other people, and for the condition of Southern society. Jefferson is another one of the main characters; Jefferson is a black man who is described as being sensitive and kind of stupid. Jefferson is accused for a murder and faces the death penalty, he becomes very depressed waiting on death row because he feel so worthless in a white dominate world, but Grant befriends him and helps him out before he dies. Jefferson is convicted of murder, while in his cell the hears his own lawyer call him a hog, this upsets him very much and he realizes how the white dominate the world and that justice can not prevail in world. Grant is asked by his aunt and Jeffersons grandmother to go in to the cell and talk to Jefferson so he can die with dignity and lash back at the society that degraded him. He agrees and restores faith back into Jefferson and uses his death to benefit other black people teach them to be strong. The rising action in this book is when Grant agrees to help Jefferson and visits him regularly. Grant progresses slowly at first, as Jefferson refuses to emerge from his shell of anger and resentment. The climax accusers when Grant buys Jefferson a small notebook to write down his thoughts, and Jefferson agrees. The notebook serves to help them communicate falling action occurs when Grant cannot bear to attend Jeffersons execution. He remains at his schoolhouse, but hears from Paul, the white deputy, that Jefferson did, in fact, die with pride and courage. There were three distinct themes in A Lesson before Dyeing. One is the ability to recognize injustice and accept responsibility; the potential inherent in death; the inescapable past. The theme regarding the potential inherent in death is shown by the amount of times the author alludes to the bible and to Jesus Christ and his crucifixion, the author really makes is clear that a mans death can, in fact, be a meaningful event, as an affirmation of an honorable and just life. We are all aware of an inescable past just like Grant, Grant resents his background. He was treated as an inferior most of his life. Throughout the book. I think very highly of this book, it was one of the first times I really enjoyed a book and pulled a lot out of it. I now realize how important it is to live every day with a positive out look and live everyday with honor, so when I do die I too can die with admiration and dignity. I respect Jefferson even though he maybe murders somebody he was able to turn that around and die with dignity. Words/ Pages : 602 / 24